Hot Weather Safety Tips

Hot Weather Safety Tips

Extreme heat happens when temperatures are much higher and/or there is more humidity than normal. The following tips will help you and your loved ones stay safe during dangerous heat waves.

  • Stay indoors in air conditioning as much as possible.
  • Drink plenty of water during the day – don’t wait until you are thirsty
  • If working or playing outdoors, you should drink between two and four cups of water every hour while working.
  • Avoid drinks with caffeine, alcohol or large amounts of sugar.
  • Limit your outdoor activity to mornings and evenings and rest often in the shade.
  • Wear light-colored and loose-fitting clothing, a hat, sunglasses and an SPF15 or higher sunscreen.

Heatstroke Danger

Heatstroke is a life-threatening, heat-related illness that can be caused when your body overheats. Heatstroke usually occurs as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures. The danger of heatstroke increases when you combine physical exertion and high temperatures. Heatstroke requires emergency treatment.

Heatstroke Symptoms

  • An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F)
  • Red, hot and dry skin (no sweating)
  • Rapid, strong pulse
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Unconsciousness

In the Event of Heatstroke

  • Call for emergency medical attention
  • Get the victim to a shady area
  • Cool the person rapidly (put them in a tub of cool water, place them in a cool shower, spray them with a garden hose, sponge them with cool water,or place bags of ice around them).
  • Do not give the victim any fluids (like water) to drink

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is part of the heat-related illness spectrum. If not treated immediately, heat exhaustion can lead to heatstroke.

Heat Exhaustion Symptoms

  • Heavy sweating
  • Paleness (skin is a lighter color than normal)
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fainting

In the Event of Heat Exhaustion

  • Stop exertion
  • Move to shade or a cooler place
  • Hydrate with water or a sports drink
  • Seek medical attention if:
  1. Symptoms are severe or worsen
  2. Symptoms last more than one hour
  3. The victim has heart problems or high blood pressure

Other Hot Weather Safety Tips

Check on those who may be more at risk from high temperatures like:

  • Infants and young children
  • People aged 65 or older
  • People with chronic medical conditions

Never leave your children, people who are elderly or have disabilities, or pets in a vehicle. Even on a mild day, temperatures inside a vehicle can reach dangerous levels.

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