Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons, originally from Chicago, is the specialist in French history in the Department of History. After completing his undergraduate degree, Dr. Fitzsimmons served in the Navy from 1972 to 1974, the majority of that time in Okinawa. After completing his Ph.D., he taught at Rice University from 1982 to 1985, after which he came to AUM. Dr. Fitzsimmons has previously served as department chair and in 1994 was selected as one of AUM's Distinguished Research Professors. Dr. Fitzsimmons has published a number of books in his area of expertise, including From Artisan to Worker: Guilds, the French State and the Organization of Labor, 1776-1821 (Cambridge, 2010), The Night the Old Regime Ended: August 4, 1789, and the French Revolution (Penn State, 2003), The Remaking of France: The National Assembly and the Constitution of 1791 (Cambridge, England, 1994), and The Parisian Order of Barristers and the French Revolution (Cambridge, Mass., 1987), and He has also published many articles in journals such as The American Historical Review (1987), The Historical Journal (1996) and French History (1990 and 1996).