John Doar, Ray Jenkins, Burke Marshall & Rev. George Washington Carver Richardson Jr.

Civil Rights - Then and Now

April 2, 1995
7:30 p.m.
Irma B. Moore Hall Auditorium

I think the courage being shown by the Williams and the Durrs and people like them in Alabama just at the present time is really something quite extraordinary and I hope it will get recognition and praise from the Negro leaders, though I would not like the praise to be voiced just now because I think it would make life harder for the courageous Southerners.

— Eleanor Roosevelt
Personal letter dated February 22, 1956


Welcome and Introductions

Allen K. Hess

Clifford J. Durr Essay Awards

William Honey
Durr Lectures Committee

The Clifford J. Durr Lectures
Endowment Fund

Ann Durr Lyon

Introduction of Panel

Allen K. Hess


John Doar: Senior Partner, Doar Devorkin & Rieck, Attorneys, New York; Former First Assistant and Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice, 1960-67

Ray Jenkins: Former executive and managing editor and vice-president of theMontgomery Advertiser-Journal

Burke Marshall: Nicholas deB. Katzenbach Professor Emeritus of Law at Yale University Law School; Former Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice, 1961-65

Rev. George Washington Carver Richardson, Jr: Pastor, Hutchinson Missionary Baptist Church, Montgomery; Candidate for Mayor of the City of Bessemer, Alabama, 1970

Questions and Answers


Closing Remarks

Virginia Foster Durr

John Doar

John Doar is senior partner of the New York law firm of Doar Devorkin & Rieck. Born in New Richmond, Wisconsin, Doar graduated from Princeton University and the University of California (Berkeley) Law School. From 1960 to 1965, he was First Assistant in the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Attorney General, and from 1965 to 1967 Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division. Both Doar and Burke Marshall were active in numerous law suits in Central Alabama involving civil rights. Doar has been President of the New York City Board of Education; Special Counsel, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. House of Representatives during impeachment proceedings of Richard M. Nixon; and Counsel to the Investigating Committee to the Judicial Council of the Eleventh Circuit in the Matter of Certain Complaints Against U.S. District Judge Alcee L. Hastings. Doar is one of four recipients of the President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service, the highest honor designated for extraordinary achievement in the Federal career service, and has received honorary LLD degrees from Brown, Princeton, Rutgers, Wisconsin, and Yale Universities.

Ray Jenkins

Ray Jenkins is remembered by most Alabamians as the city editor, managing editor, and then executive editor and vice- president of the Montgomery Advertiser-Journal from 1959 to 1979. Jenkins left Montgomery to assume the post of editor of the editorial page of The Evening Sun in Baltimore. After ten years in that post, he retired to write books. Jenkins is a native Georgian and a graduate of the University of Georgia. He began his newspaper career as reporter for the Columbus Ledger-Enquirerand in 1955 won the Pulitzer Prize for coverage of the Phoenix City upheaval. Jenkins, admitted to the Alabama Bar, is a graduate of Jones Law School in Montgomery. He was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard Law School in 1964-65 and has lectured at such outposts of Montgomery as Fudan University in Shanghai, China, and the University of Beijing. In 1985, he was awarded the Ernie Pyle Award for human interest reporting and in 1988 the Elizabeth Gilman Award of the Maryland Chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union. He has written extensively on southern politics and culture for The New York Times, and his columns were syndicated by the Baltimore Sun/Los Angeles Times news service.

Burke Marshall

Burke Marshall is Nicholas deB. Katzenbach Professor Emeritus of Law and George Crawford Professional Lecturer in Laws at Yale University Law School. Marshall is a graduate of Yale with two earned graduate degrees and one undergraduate degree. He practiced law with the Washington, D.C. law firm of Covington and Burling until 1961. He then he joined the U.S. Justice Department as Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Civil Rights Division, a post he held until 1965. Both Marshall and John Doar were active in numerous law suits in Central Alabama involving civil rights. From 1965 to 1970, Marshall was General Counsel and Senior Vice President of IBM. Other posts held by Marshal include Chairman of the National Advisory Commission on Selective Service, appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to review the selective service system, and Chairman of the Robert F. Kennedy Memorial. He is a director of numerous corporations and is the author of several books, includingFederalism and Civil Rights,The My Lai Massacre and its Cover-Up (with J. Goldstein and J. Schwartz), and Workable Government? The Constitution After 200 Years.

Rev. George Washington Carver Richardson, Jr.

The Rev. George Washington Carver Richardson, Jr., is Pastor of the Hutchinson Missionary Baptist Church, Montgomery, Alabama. Dr. Richardson is a teacher, lecturer, and evangelist of national note. The recipient of numerous honorary degrees, he has held many distinguished chairmanships and trusteeships of community and church related organizations, including the Alabama State Missionary Baptist Convention, Interdenominational Theological Institute, and the State Board of Corrections Advisory Board. He is a member of the Montgomery Improvement Association, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. A native Alabamian, Dr. Richardson entered the 1970 race for Mayor of Bessemer, Alabama, where he was Pastor of the Mount Hebron Baptist Church. During the mayoral campaign, Dr. Richardson encountered bomb threats.