Hot Weather Safety Tips

Extreme heat happens when temperatures are much higher and/or there is more humidity than normal. The following tips will help you and your loved ones stay safe during dangerous heat waves.

 

  • Stay indoors in air conditioning as much as possible.
  • Drink plenty of water during the day – don’t wait until you are thirsty
  • If working or playing outdoors, you should drink between two and four cups of water every hour while working.
  • Avoid drinks with caffeine, alcohol or large amounts of sugar.
  • Limit your outdoor activity to mornings and evenings and rest often in the shade.
  • Wear light-colored and loose-fitting clothing, a hat, sunglasses and an SPF15 or higher sunscreen.

 

Heatstroke Danger

Heatstroke is a life-threatening, heat-related illness that can be caused when your body overheats. Heatstroke usually occurs as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures. The danger of heatstroke increases when you combine physical exertion and high temperatures. Heatstroke requires emergency treatment.

 

Heatstroke Symptoms

  • An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F)
  • Red, hot and dry skin (no sweating)
  • Rapid, strong pulse
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Unconsciousness

 

In the Event of Heatstroke

  • Call for emergency medical attention
  • Get the victim to a shady area
  • Cool the person rapidly (put them in a tub of cool water, place them in a cool shower, spray them with a garden hose, sponge them with cool water,or place bags of ice around them).
  • Do not give the victim any fluids (like water) to drink

 

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is part of the heat-related illness spectrum. If not treated immediately, heat exhaustion can lead to heatstroke.

 

Heat Exhaustion Symptoms

  • Heavy sweating
  • Paleness (skin is a lighter color than normal)
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fainting

 

In the Event of Heat Exhaustion

  • Stop exertion
  • Move to shade or a cooler place
  • Hydrate with water or a sports drink
  • Seek medical attention if:
  1. Symptoms are severe or worsen
  2. Symptoms last more than one hour
  3. The victim has heart problems or high blood pressure

 

Other Hot Weather Safety Tips

·         Check on those who may be more at risk from high temperatures like:

  • Infants and young children
  • People aged 65 or older
  • People with chronic medical conditions

·         Never leave your children, people who are elderly or have disabilities, or pets in a vehicle. Even on a mild day, temperatures inside a vehicle can reach dangerous levels.